It is believed that at one point, Vermont was connected to Africa (Pangaea) and the fossils found and the rock formations found on the coasts in both Africa and America are further evidence of the Pangaea theory.By the mid-19th century, wild turkeys were exterminated in the state through overhunting and destruction of habitat.As of 2015, Vermont was the leading producer of maple syrup in the United States.For thousands of years indigenous peoples, including the Mohawk and the Algonquian-speaking Abenaki, occupied much of the territory that is now Vermont and was later claimed by France's colony of New France.Founded in 1777 during the American Revolutionary War, the republic lasted for 14 years. In total area, it is larger than El Salvador and smaller than Haiti. The west bank of the Connecticut River marks the state's eastern border with New Hampshire, though much of the river is within New Hampshire's territory.Aside from the original 13 states that were formerly colonies, Vermont is one of only four U. states that were previously sovereign states (along with California, Hawaii, and Texas). Lake Champlain, the sixth-largest body of fresh water in the United States, separates Vermont from New York in the northwest portion of the state.say that the mountains were called green because they were more forested than the higher White Mountains of New Hampshire and Adirondacks of New York; others say that the predominance of mica-quartz-chlorite schist, a green-hued metamorphosed shale, is the reason.The Green Mountain range forms a north–south spine running most of the length of the state, slightly west of its center.
states of Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east and New York to the west, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north.From north to south, Vermont is 159 miles (256 km) long. federal border crossings between Vermont and Canada.